10 Important Tips to Improve Composition in Your Photos

10 Important Tips to Improve Composition in Your Photos
Here are 10 tips to help you improve the composition in your photos. Whenever you’re stuck figuring out how to compose a photo, you can use any one of these tips to get you started.

How to Improve Your Photos

Rule of odds

In simple terms, the “rule of odds” is to have an odd number of objects in your photos. It could be a photo of just one object or a group shot of three people. This technique makes the photo more appealing and interesting to the human eye.
4 strawberries
This photo of four strawberries is quite bland and boring. It is difficult to find the center of focus in this image.
3 strawberries
A similar image but with just three strawberries. Although just the image is similar to the previous photo, the odd number of strawberries make it significantly more interesting.

Limiting focus

Limiting the focus is an easy way to add focus. It may not be necessary in all photos but is useful whenever you have distracting objects that you want to hide. The most common use of this technique is to blur distracting backgrounds. Blurring the background turns any distracting backgrounds into a pleasing one. You can minimize the depth of field in your photos by using a large aperture (ex. F1.8), zooming in, and using a camera with a larger sensor (ex. full frame DSLR).
Couple with a blurred background
If the trees in the background were in focus, it would have distracted the subjects of this photo. By blurring out the background, the focus is emphasized on the couple.
Portrait with blurred background
Blurring out the background helps draw the attention to this persons eyes.


The best way to improve the center of focus is to create simple looking image. The easiest way to do this is to limit the amount of objects in your photo. You can also use the previous tip to blur out distracting details.
A story told with a simple image
The simplicity of this photo makes the story clear. A simple photo gets attention and makes people look at it longer.


Centering an object gives the photo balance. Centering works best on simple photos with few objects.
A driller in the center of the photograph
You can improve the emphasis on the subject by keeping the spacing around the subject clean.
Ethernet cable in the center
A boring object made interesting by keeping it simple and centered.

Rule of thirds

This is one of the most effective and popular ways of composing a photo. You can improve your photos compositions simply by using this technique. The “rule of thirds” adds interest to the photo by aligning the subject on one of the four points of an imaginary 3x3 grid in the photo.
Boat on the rule of thirds
A simple image made more interesting by positioning on the rule of thirds.
Eye on the rule of thirds
When shooting portraits, you can use the rule of thirds to add focus to the eyes. Simply position one of the eyes or the area between the eyes on the rule of thirds to create a great portrait.

Lead room

Lead room is the the space in front of an object. This element is usually used with the rule of thirds to create a more interesting photo. By leaving room in front of the subject, the viewer will see that it has someplace to go.
Snowboarder on the rule of thirds with lead room
The snowboarder is positioned on the rule of thirds with some lead room in front of him.
Runner with lead room
Leaving some lead room in front of the runner makes the photo look more active. It also puts more attention to the sunset.
Runner without lead room
Leaving room behind the runner makes her appear to be almost done running.

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28 comments on “10 Important Tips to Improve Composition in Your Photos”

  1. Making sure there is a foreground and trying to find a natural frame for some of the compositions will add so much to my pictures!

  2. Hi, thanks for your tips. some of the tips i had hear the difficulty is to think in all when you are shooting...

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